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Jean Henri Bancal des Issarts


  1. Opinion de Thomas Payne (sic), député du département de la Somme, concernant le Jugement de Louis XVI, précédée de sa lettre d'envoi au Président de la Convention translation has translation uncertainty translator
  2. Opinion de Thomas Payne, sur l'affaire de Louis Capet: Adressée au Président de la Convention Nationale. Imprimé par ordre de la Convention Nationale translation uncertainty translator


Member of


Bancal des Issarts started out as a lawyer to the Parliament of Paris. He sold his position as notary at the Châtelet de Paris in 1788 to concentrate on politics. Unable to secure election in Paris to a national or municipal role, he went to Clermont-Ferrand, where he set up a Society of Friends of the Constitution (Jacobin Club), modelled on the group of the same name in Paris, and made himself its president.

After several setbacks, he was finally elected to the National Convention in September 1792 as one of the members for the new department of Puy-de-Dôme. His close relationship with Madame Roland, with whom he corresponded, meant that he sat with the Girondin grouping and was invited to join the constitutional committee and the Committee of Public Instruction, for whom he delivered the 'Discours et projets de décret sur l'Éducation Nationale ('Speech and plans for the decree on National Education') on 24 December 1792, which was ordered to be printed and sent to the 84 departments.

As one of the four deputies sent by the Convention to question General Dumouriez's behaviour, he was arrested and handed over to the Austrians in April 1793 by Dumouriez, where his imprisonment saved him from meeting the same fate beneath the guillotine as most of his Girondin friends back in Paris. In November 1795, he was freed in exchange for Louis XVI 's daughter and sat in the Council of Five Hundred until May 1797. He then retired to Clermont-Ferrand, where he published 'Du nouvel ordre social fondé sur la religion' ('On the new social order founded on religion') and sank into mysticism, studying Hebrew and Greek so he could read the original texts of the Bible.