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Radical Translations

  • Date
  • False: false attribution such as false place of imprint or false date
  • Fictional place: false imprint contains a fictional, invented place of imprint or date
  • Form: type or genre of writing.
  • Female
  • Male
  • Language
  • Noble: person was born noble.
  • Place
  • Role: the main role of a person or organization in relation to a resource.
  • Subject: content, theme, or topic of a work.
  • Uncertainty: information could not be verified.

Cercle d'Holbach



The model for baron d'Holbach's gatherings was not the famous Parisian salons but the lively coterie of young English students that d'Holback had known at Leiden, including John Wilkes, who gathered three times a week at Madame Van der Tasse's boarding house to drink coffee, smoke tobacco and chat about politics and life.